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Globalization's Missing Middle

UCLA Magazine features an article on the effects of globalization on countries at different development levels by International Institute Vice Provost Geoffrey Garrett.

The Spring 2004 issue of UCLA Magazine features an article by UCLA International Institute vice provost and political scientist Geoffrey Garrett on the effects of globalization on countries at different development levels.

Garrett's conclusion: In the new global economy, rich and poor nations are doing fine. It is those like the countries of Latin America in the middle that are struggling.

Garrett says in part: "The debate over the spoils of economic globalization has taken on new meaning since September 11. President Bush made his views clear on the first anniversary of the terrorist attacks: 'Poverty, corruption and repression are a toxic combination in many societies. . . . Free trade and free markets have proved their ability to lift whole societies out of poverty, so the United States is working . . . to build a world that trades in freedom and therefore grows in prosperity.' But the criticisms continue, with the Democratic candidate for president lamenting the 'offshoring' of not only manufacturing but also call centers and other services during America's "jobless" recovery.

"Is the president right that 'a world that trades in freedom' is one that also 'grows in prosperity'? My answer is yes — and no. I believe that there are three discrete worlds of globalization, and each has important but different implications for the future course of global politics."

For the full text, see UCLA Magazine online at:


Download file:Garrett_3_worlds_globalization.pdf