Imperial Models in the Early Modern World, Part 3: From Early-Modern to Modern Empire and from Empire to Nation-State
William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
Friday, April 27, 2007First day of a two-day conference at the Clark Library directed by Anthony Pagden and Sanjay Subrahmanyam, Center and Clark Professors, 2006-07
9:30 AM - 5:00 PM
2520 Cimarron St.
Our first conference in part looked back to see how the early modern empires of Europe and Asia borrowed from the empires of the past. Our second examined the ways in which empires managed the sometimes stark differences between their various subject peoples. This final conference will look forward to see how the empires of the nineteenth, twentieth, and even twenty-first centuries, represent continuity, or a discontinuity with the empires of the early-modern world. By the end of the eighteenth century, two of the major imperial European powers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Spain and Portugal were in eclipse. France had lost nearly all its possessions in America and India. The Ottomans were in retreat. The Mughal Empire had become in effect a dependency of the East India Company. New imperial and would-be imperial powers now began to appear: Russia which now had the largest land empire in the world, Germany, Japan, post-Napoleonic France, and, of course, the United States. And by the early nineteenth century, Britain, after the loss of much of North America embarked on an aggressive new imperial phase; so, too, did France. It has often been claimed that these new empires were wholly unlike their predecessors. But were they, and if they were, in what ways were they different? Was, for instance, the rise of nationalism after the Congress of Vienna responsible for the creation of entirely new imperial practices, and quite distinct imperial cultures? How, indeed, was the concept of the ‘nation-state” shaped by the evolution or collapse of the older imperial states? Or was there in fact considerably continuity between the first and second phases of European empire-building? Did international commerce, for so long believed to be a possible alternative to expansion, now become merely another form of imperial belligerency? How much did the process of what the British called “indirect rule” and the French “politique des races” really differ from previous understandings of imperial sovereignty?
These are just some of the questions which this conference will attempt to answer. If the current debate over the role of “empire” and “imperialism” in the modern world is to have any meaning, we have to look beyond easy slogans and the simplistic analogies between past and present. Empires, however we define them, have, in one form or another, been with us far longer than any other kind of political society. They are now, almost certainly things of the past. But if we are to understand the ways in which they have, shaped the post-colonial, post-imperial world, we have also to understand their very long varied and complex histories.
Program Schedule for Friday, April 27
9:30 A.M. Morning Coffee
10:00 A.M. Welcoming Remarks – Peter H. Reill, UCLA
Opening Remarks – Anthony Pagden, UCLA
Sir John Elliott, University of Oxford
"Starting Afresh? The Eclipse of Empire in British and Spanish America"
Sunil Agnani, Ahmanson-Getty Fellow, UCLA Center for 17th- & 18th-Century Studies
"Jacobinism in India, Indianism in the English Parliament: Edmund Burke on Revolution and Empire"
12:00 P.M. Lunch
1:30 P.M. Robert Travers, Cornell University
"The British Empire and the Mughal Legacy in South Asia"
Jennifer Pitts, Princeton University
"'Au nom de la France libre': Nationality and Empire in Nineteenth-Century French Liberalism"
Karuna Mantena, Yale University
"Henry Maine, Social Theory, and the Transformation of British Imperial Ideology"
5:00 P.M. Reception
Cost: Registration Fees: $25 per person; UC faculty & staff, students with ID: no charge
Registration Deadline: April 20, 2007. Students should enclose a photocopy of their current ID with the registration form. Fees are not refundable and apply to full or partial attendance.
Tel: (323) 731-8529
Sponsor(s): Center for 17th and 18th Century Studies