Established: July 1, 1867
Area: 3,854,085 square miles. Canada is the second largest country in the world, with 10 provinces and three territories
Population: 34.03 million (July 2011 est.)
Capital: Ottawa, Ontario
National anthem: O Canada
People: Canada is a multicultural country. Ethnic Groups (wholly or partly) include: North American Origin 40%, British Origin 33%, French Origin 16%, Other European 29%, Aboriginal peoples 4%, South, East & South-East Asian 9%, Other (mostly Caribbean, Arab, African, Latin/Central/South American and West Asian) 6%. The total comes to more than 100% because many Canadians (approximately 38%) have a mixed background.
Languages: Canada has two official languages, English (59%) and French (23%). 17% of the population have another language as their ‘mother tongue’.
Religion(s): Roman Catholic 43%; Protestant 23% (including United Church 9%, Anglican 6%, Baptist 2%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4%, Muslim 1% other and unspecified 11%, none 16%.
Major political parties: Federal parties include the Conservative Party, Liberal Party, Bloc Quebecois (in Quebec only) and New Democratic Party (NDP). The Liberals and NDP are also represented at provincial level. There are also some notable provincial parties, like the Progressive Conservative Party, the Parti Quebecois in Quebec, the Saskatchewan Party and the Yukon Party.
Government: Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a federal state with a democratic system of government.
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor General David Lloyd Johnston
Head of Government: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Foreign Minister: The Honourable John Baird
Membership of international groupings/organisations: Member of the Commonwealth; North America Free Trade Association (NAFTA); North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO); Organisation of American States (OAS); G8; G20; World Trade Organisation (WTO); La Francophonie.