Young Spanish Politicians Examine Immigration on US Tour
As part of the State Department's "Young Political Leaders" project, five Spanish and Andorran officials share perspectives with UCLA Professor of Law Hiroshi Motomura, an expert on immigration and citizenship in the United States. Spain has seen an immigration boom in the last decade.
Published: Wednesday, July 14, 2010
A day after celebrating Spanish victory at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, which they watched from Santa Monica, four young politicians from Spain and a fifth from the neighboring Principality of Andorra visited Bunche Hall for an exchange of perspectives with UCLA Professor of Law Hiroshi Motomura, an expert on legal and illegal immigration and evolving concepts of citizenship in the United States.
The Los Angeles leg of the officials' two-week, State Department–sponsored trip was dedicated mainly to immigration, which in Spain has been a hot-button political issue for only about a decade. Elsewhere in the United States, they were scheduled to focus on issues such as federalism, trans-Atlantic relations and green energy. Their July 12 meeting with Motomura was arranged by the International Visitors Bureau at UCLA.
By 2000, a Spanish construction boom and an amnesty program had begun to attract unprecedented numbers of immigrants from Latin America as well as Africa and the eastern edge of the European Union. According to government figures cited in a recent Wall Street Journal article, Spain's foreign-born population increased five-fold over the past decade to 5.7 million people, or more than 12 percent of the population. The article noted that this growth has now stalled, amid the current debt crisis and high unemployment in Spain.
"Some sectors of our society have a fantasy that these people are going to leave" now that the economic expansion is over, said Pia Bosch Codola, a member of the Catalonian autonomous region's parliament. Bosch Codola said that the region's more than 1 million foreigners, out of a population of 7 million, would have less access to social services including education and health care in their countries of origin than they do in Spain.
Representing their country's two largest political parties and both coastal and landlocked provinces, the Spanish visitors asked Motomura about U.S. strategies for integrating new residents into the broader society and the practicality of securing external borders. Some expressed concerns about cultural differences with Muslim newcomers to Spain.
Yolanda Pasto Pelegri, Counselor of Finance for one of Andorra's municipal divisions, expressed interest in ways to accommodate non-voting residents. A constitutional mandate prevents the country of 86,000 souls from extending voting rights to those who've lived there for less than 20 years, she said. Less than one quarter of Andorrans are eligible to decide questions about Andorra's future, she said, though all residents enjoy equal access to social services.
Motomura, the author of Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States (Oxford, 2006), illustrated changing U.S. attitudes towards immigrants with various related examples, such as the common extension of voting rights to non-citizen white Europeans in the 19th century. That contrasts with the current situation, in which it is very rare for immigrants to have a say even in local school board elections.
"In the 19th century voting was seen as a form of civic education that would help them to become Americans," he said.
Among other current issues, Motomura discussed a "disconnect" between U.S. economic needs and the system of legal immigration. His forthcoming book will deal with illegal immigration to the United States, providing historical context for reform efforts and state-government interventions such as the Arizona law giving police broad powers to detain people who they suspect are residing in the United States illegally.
The visitors on July 12 were Pasto Pelegrini; Bosch Codola; Javier Maroto Aranzabal, an opposition party spokesperson in Vitoria, a city in Spain's Basque region; Patricia Navarro Perez, a senator for the southern region of Andalucia; and Alfonso Serrano Sanchez-Capuchino, a member of Congress from Madrid.