Skip Navigation

Agreement on Reconciliation, Nonaggression, and Exchanges and Cooperation Between South and North Korea

Agreement on Reconciliation, Nonaggression, and Exchanges and Cooperation Between South and North Korea, Effective February 19, 1992

AGREEMENT ON RECONCILIATION, NONAGGRESSION,

AND EXCHANGES AND COOPERATION BETWEEN SOUTH AND NORTH KOREA

Effective February 19, 1992

Source: Ministry of Unification http://www.unikorea.go.kr/eg/index.htm

CHAPTER 1 SOUTH-NORTH RECONCILIATION

CHAPTER 2 AGREEMENT OF NONAGGRESSION BETWEEN SOUTH AND NORTH KOREA

CHAPTER 3 EXCHANGES AND COOPERATION BETWEEN SOUTH AND NORTH KOREA

CHAPTER 4
AMENDMENTS AND EFFECTUATION


South and North Korea,

In keeping with the longing of the entire Korean race for the peaceful unification of our divided fatherland;

Reaffirming the three basic principles of unification set forth in the South-North Joint Communique of July 4, 1972;

Determined to end the state of political and military confrontation and achieve national reconciliation;

Also determined to avoid armed aggression and hostilities, and to ensure the lessening of tension and the establishment of peace;

Expressing the desire to realize multi-faceted exchanges and cooperation to promote interests and prosperity common to the Korean people.;

Recognizing that their relationship, not being a relationship as between states, is a special one constituted temporarily in the process of unification;

Pledging themselves to exert joint efforts to achieve peaceful unification;

Hereby agreed as follows;

CHAPTER 1

SOUTH-NORTH RECONCILIATION

Article 1

South and North Korea shall recognize and respect the system of each other.

Article 2

South and North Korea shall not interfere in the internal affairs of each other.

Article 3

South and North Korea shall not slander or defame each other.

Article 4

South and North Korea shall refrain from any acts of sabotage or insurrection against each other.

Article 5

South and North Korea shall together endeavour to transform the present state of armistice into a firm state of peace between the two sides and shall abide by the present Military Armistice Agreement until such a state of peace is realized.

Article 6

South and North Korea shall cease to compete with or confront each other, and instead shall cooperate and endeavour to promote the racial dignity and interests of Korea in the international arena.

Article 7

South and North Korea shall establish and operate a South-North Liaison Office at Panmunjom within three months of the entry into force of this Agreement to ensure close liaison and consultations between the two sides.

Article 8

South and North Korea shall establish a South-North Political Committee within the framework of the South-North High-Level Negotiations within one month of the entry into force of this Agreement to consider concrete measures to ensure the implementation and observance of the agreement on South-North reconciliation.

CHAPTER 2

AGREEMENT OF NONAGGRESSION BETWEEN SOUTH AND NORTH KOREA

Article 9

South and North Korea shall not use force against each other and shall not undertake armed aggression against each other.

Article 10

South and North Korea shall resolve peacefully, through dialogue and negotiation, any differences of views and disputes arising between them.

Article 11

The South-North demarcation line and the areas for nonaggression shall be identical with the Military Demarcation Line provided in the Military Armistice Agreement of July 27, 1953, and the areas that each side has exercised jurisdiction over until the present time.

Article 12

In order to implement and guarantee nonaggression, the South and the North shall establish a South-North Joint Military Commission within three months of the entry into force of this Agreement. In the said Commission, the two sides shall discuss problems and carry out steps to build up military confidence and realize arms reduction, in particular, the mutual notification and control of large-scale movements of military units and major military exercises, the peaceful utilization of the Demilitarized Zone, exchanges of military personnel and information, phased reductions in armaments including the elimination of weapons of mass destruction and attack capabilities, and verifications thereof.

Article 13

South and North Korea shall install and operate a telephone line between the military authorities of each side to prevent the outbreak and escalation of accidental armed clashes.

Article 14

South and North Korea shall establish a South-North Military Sub-Committee within the framework of the South-North High-Level Negotiations within one month of the entry into force of this Agreement to discuss concrete measures for the implementation and observance of the agreement on nonaggression and to remove the state of military confrontation.

CHAPTER 3

EXCHANGES AND COOPERATION BETWEEN SOUTH AND NORTH KOREA

Article 15

In order to promote the integrated and balanced development of the national economy and the welfare of the entire people, the South and the North shall engage in economic exchanges and cooperation, including the joint development of resources, the trade of goods as intra-Korean commerce and joint ventures.

Article 16

South and North Korea shall carry out exchanges and promote cooperation in various fields such as science and technology, education, literature and the arts, health, sports, the environment, journalism and media including newspapers, radio, television broadcasts, and other publications.

Article 17

South and North Korea shall implement freedom of intra-Korean travel and contact among the members of the Korean people.

Article 18

South and North Korea shall permit free correspondence, movement between the two sides, meetings, and visits between dispersed family members and other relatives, promote their voluntary reunion, and take measures to resolve other humanitarian issues.

Article 19

South and North Korea shall reconnect the railway and the previously severed roads, and shall open sea and air routes.

Article 20

South and North Korea shall establish and link facilities for exchanges by post and telecommunications, and shall guarantee the confidentiality of intra-Korean mail and telecommunications.

Article 21

South and North Korea shall cooperate in the international arena in the economic, cultural and other fields, and shall advance abroad together.

Article 22

In order to implement the agreement on exchanges and cooperation in the economic, cultural, and other fields, South and North Korea shall establish joint commissions for each sector, including a Joint South-North Economic Exchanges and Cooperation Commission, within three months of the entry into force of this Agreement.

Article 23

A Sub-committee on South-North Exchanges and Cooperation shall be established within the framework of the South-North High-Level Negotiations within one month of the entry into force of this Agreement, to discuss concrete measures for the implementation and observance of the agreement on South-North exchanges and cooperation.

CHAPTER 4

AMENDMENTS AND EFFECTUATION

Article 24

This Agreement may be amended or supplemented by agreement between the two sides.

Article 25

This Agreement shall enter into force from the date the South and the North exchange the appropriate instruments following the completion of the respective procedures necessary for its implementation.


Signed on December 13, 1991

Chung Won-shik
 Yon Hyong-muk
 
Chief Delegate of the South delegation to the South-North High-Level Negotiations  Head of the North delegation to the South-North High-Level Negotiations 
Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea  Premier of the Administration Council of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

 

Asia Institute