The Age of Change
Over time, Chinese
nobles and their armies gained power. In 771 B.C. powerful
nobles invaded the Zhou capital, drove out its leaders, and
became China's rulers. This was a time of unrest and great
Many great thinkers wanted to restore order to chinese
society. They tried to persuade the Chinese people and
their rulers to accept their teachings and their view of
how china should be ruled. One of the great thinkers was
Even today, Chinese people follow his teachings.
Why did Zhou
kings lose their power, and who controlled China after
nobility = a class of people having high birth or rank
Confucianism = Confucius's ideas on family,tradition, and
lived from 551 B.C. His family belonged to the
although they were poor. Confucius studied hard and became
one of the world's most successful teachers. His ideas a
code of behavior, are known as Confucianism.
Here are some of his basic teachings:
-Kindness and goodness
are very important.
-The foundation for every relationship, especially in
families, should be sincerity, loyalty, and respect.
-If rulers are wise and good, then the people will also be
wise and good.
-Government officials must earn their positions through
hundred years after Confucius died, a follower, Mencius,
ideas of Confucianism throughout the country.
What were some
basic teachings of Confucius ?
the last days of the Zhou dynasty, scholars, or educated
people, argued about how the people should behave and how
rulers should govern. Not all scholars supported the ideas
and teachings of confucianism. For example, one group, the
Moists (MOH ihsts), believed the equal love for all people
would bring peace. They believed that men of learning
should be the rulers, not just guide the rulers. Another
group, the Legalists, believed that people were bad and
needed to have strict laws and harsh punishment. they
believed that rulers needed to forget the past and be
powerful, rather than just good. A third group, the
Daoists, believed that people should live a simple,
thoughtful life in harmony with nature. They had little
interests in politics or government.
In what ways did
each of these groups - Moists, Legalists, and Daoists
- disagree with Confucius?