The Qin Dynasty
The feudal state of Qin defeated the last Zhou ruler in 256 B.C. Twenty-five years later, the king of Qin led his state to victory over all other rulers and named himself Qin Shihuangdi (The first emperor of Qin). Qin Shihuangdi set out to bring all the warring states together. He divided his empire into 36 areas, called provinces, and divided each province into districts. Qin Shihuangdi appointed a governor and a defender for each province. They reported directly to him. Qin Shihuangdi also set up a system of rewards and punishments. As a result, the emperor strengthened his control and had the power to make great changes in his empire.

Pasted Graphic 1What did Qin Shihuangdi hope to accomplish by appointing to rule the provinces?


Pasted GraphicNew Terms:
province = a territory governed as a unit unit with an empire
bureaucracy = an organization with one person at the top and
many others at levels below
censorship = the control of what people read, write , see or
hear

The Legacy of Qin
To strengthen his control and unify his empire, Qin Shihuangdi made many changes to the Chinese system. His new system would be used in china for centuries. It included the following changes:

He set up a bureaucracy in which workers are appointed and trained for their jobs.

He headed the bureaucracy and appointed three officials to hold the highest government and military positions.

He made all measurements and money the same across the empire.

He standardized the written characters so everyone could communicate.

He took land away from the nobles, enabling any man to own land.

He ordered the censorship of ideas and the burning of books that did not agree with him.

He built the Great Wall of China to keep the peasants in and enemy invaders out.

Pasted Graphic 1What are three things that Qin Shihuangdi standardized, and how did each change affect China?