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Shimonoseki Armistice Armistice ending the Sino-Japanese War

Shimonoseki Armistice, Armistice ending the Sino-Japanese War, March 30, 1895

Shimonoseki Armistice
Armistice ending the Sino-Japanese War

March 30, 1895

Convention of Armistice
    His Majesty the Emperor of Japan having, in view of the untoward event which temporarily interrupted the depending negotiations for peace, commanded His Plenipotentiaries to consent to a temporary Armistice, the undersigned, Count ITO HIROBUMI, Junii, Grand Cross of the Imperial Order of Paullownia, Minister President of State; and Viscount MUTSU MUNEMITSU, Junii, First Class of the Imperial Order of the Sacred Treasure, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, the Plenipotentiaries of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, and LI HUNG-CHANG [Li Hongzhang], Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of China, Senior Tutor to the Heir Apparent, Senior Grand Secretary of State, Minister Superintendent of Trade for the Northern Ports of China, Viceroy of the province of Chili, and Earl of the First Rank, have concluded the following Convention of Armistice:

Article 1
    The Imperial Governments of Japan and China agree to enforce an Armistice between their respective military and naval forces, in the provinces of Fêngtien, Chihli, and Shantung [Fengtian, Zhili, and Shandong] subject to the provisions contained in the following Articles.

Article 2
    The forces affected by this Armistice shall have the right to maintain the positions respectively occupied by them at the time hostilities are instantly suspended, but they shall not under any circumstances during the existence of this Armistice advance beyond such positions.

Article 3
    The two Governments engage during the existence of this Convention not to extend, perfect, or advance their attacking works, or to reinforce or in anywise to strengthen, either for offensive or defensive operations, their confronting military lines. But this engagement shall not prevent either Government from making any new distribution or arrangement of troops not intended to augment or strengthen the armies now actually in the field and engaged in active military operations.

Article 4
    The movement of troops and the transportation of military supplies and all other contraband of war by sea shall be subject to the ordinary rules of war, and shall consequently be liable to hostile capture.

Article 5
    This Armistice shall be enforced by the Imperial Governments of Japan and China for the period of 21 days from the date of the signature of this Convention.

    In those localities occupied by the troops of the two Governments to which there is no telegraphic communication, the quickest possible means shall be employed in issuing the orders for the Armistice, and the respective Commanders of the two countries shall, upon receipt of such orders, announce the fact to each other and take steps to enforce the Armistice.

Article 6
    This Armistice shall terminate, without notice on either side, at mid-day on the 20th day of the 4th month of the 28th year of MEIJI, corresponding to the 26th day of the 3rd month of the 21st year of KUANG HSÜ [Guangxu]. If in the meantime the depending negotiations for peace are broken off, this Armistice shall in that case terminate at the same time such negotiations cease.

    In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries of Japan and China have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals.

    Done in Shimonoseki, Japan, this 30th day of the 3rd month of the 28th year of MEIJI, corresponding to the 5th day of the 3rd month of the 21st year of KUANG HSÜ [Guangxu].

Count ITO HIROBUMI,    [L.S.]

Junii, Grand Cross of the Imperial Order of Paullownia

Minister President of State

Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan

 

Viscount MUTSU MUNEMITSU,    [L.S.]

Junii, First Class of the Imperial Order of the Sacred Treasure

Minister of State for Foreign Affairs

Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan

 

LI HUNG-CHANG [Li Hongzhang],    [L.S.]

Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of China

Senior Tutor to the Heir Apparent

Senior Grand Secretary of State

Minister Superintendent of Trade for the Northern Ports of China

Viceroy of the province of Chili [Zhili]

Earl of the First Rank

Source: Treaties between China and Foreign States. Second Edition (Shanghai: by order of the Inspector General of Customs, 1917), vol. 2: 590-596. We have added pinyin romanization and annotations added in brackets. Initially prepared for the web by The Taiwan Documents Project.

 

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