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移動之民:一點五代年輕移民在臺澳之間的適應與流動 (The Movement and Adaptation of Taiwanese One-and-a-Half Generation Migrants between Taiwan and Australia)

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Lecture by Richard Hsu (徐榮崇), University of Taipei


本文主要透過跨國主義的概念,探索臺灣一點五代年輕移民在臺、澳兩地間的適應情形對回臺決策的影響。在方法上,針對22位居住於布里斯本、雪梨和墨爾本的年輕移民進行深度訪談,並將訪談結果加以群聚歸類,從「在澳洲的適應」、「回流過程」與「回臺後的適應」三動態移動過程,用矩陣將影響因素進行交叉分析,並以此建構一個關係樹狀圖,得以分析各影響因素之間的關係。發現影響年輕移民移動的因素包括社會環境、家庭與個人等不同尺度因素。因素間交互影響讓決策成為一個動態的過程,不但具有跨國性思維也受到社會網絡影響,而這樣的決策情形挑戰了傳統對回流定義的觀點。

徐榮崇,現任臺北市立大學歷史與地理學系教授兼系主任。 曾任中華海外華人研究學會理事長。主要專長於移居澳洲、美國、加拿大、巴西台灣人的移居動機與華人性的形塑。近年來特別關注知識的結構、認知的歷程與華人性形塑的關係等相關議題,期望能增進對海外台灣人的理解。

Richard Hsu's research primarily uses the concept of transnationalism to explore how young 1.5-generation Taiwanese immigrants have adapted to life in Australia, and the impact of this experience on their decisions to return to Taiwan. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 young Taiwanese immigrants living in Brisbane, Sydney, and Melbourne, and the interview results were sorted into categories, including "adaptation to Australia", "the return process", and "experience after returning to Taiwan". A matrix was constructed to cross-analyze the influencing factors and a relational tree diagram was used to analyze the relationship between those influencing factors. Hsu found that the factors that influence the movement of young immigrants include: social environment, family, and individual factors at varying levels. The intersections between these factors makes the decision-making process a dynamic one that not only involves thinking on a transnational level but also considering the effect of social networks. Hsu's research uncovers new understandings of how Taiwanese 1.5-generation immigrants make decisions on whether or not to return and challenges traditional views on the definition of voluntary return migration.

Richard Hsu (徐榮崇) is Professor and Director of the Department of History and Geography at University of Taipei. He previously served as Chairman of the Society of Overseas Chinese Studies, R.O.C. Professor Hsu's research mainly specializes in the motivations of Taiwanese immigrants to Australia, the United States, Canada, and Brazil and the shaping of Chineseness. In recent years, he has paid special attention to related issues such as the relationship between the structure of knowledge and the process of cognition and the shaping of Chineseness, with the goal of enhancing current understandings of Taiwanese communities overseas. 

This lecture is presented as part of the UCLA Taiwan in the World Lecture Series and UCLA International Education Week. Please note that the lecture will be delivered in Chinese.



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Duration: 55:19:00


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Audio MP3 Download Podcast

Duration: 55:19:00

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